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Tuesday, August 14, 2018

Sigmund Freud and the subconscious


Photo source: Wikimedia Commons, Veroraz

Photo license: CC BY-SA 4.0


Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian psychologist best known for his theories of the subconscious and founding psychoanalysis. Psychologist Allan Schore said,


"It is now clear that Freud was correct in positing the unconscious mind develops before the conscious and that the early development of the unconscious is equivalent to the genesis of a self-system that operates beneath conscious verbal levels for the rest of the life span." (Relational Trauma and the Developing Right Brain, 2009)


The rest of this post is some quotes from Freud.




"The unconscious is the larger circle which includes within itself the smaller circle of conscious; everything conscious has its preliminary step in the unconscious..." (Dream Psychology: Psychoanalysis for Beginners, 1920)


"Beauty has no obvious use; nor is there any clear cultural necessity for it. Yet civilization could not do without it." (Civilization and it's Discontents, 1929)


"The conscious mind may be compared to a fountain playing in the sun and falling back into the great subterranean pool of subconscious from which it rises." (Quoted in Bittersweet Destiny: The Story Evolution of Human by Del Theissen)


"The poets and philosophers before me discovered the unconscious; what I discovered was the scientific method by which the unconscious can be studied." (Quoted in The Liberal Imagination by Lionel Trilling)


Id, ego and super-ego


"The ego represents what we call reason and sanity, in contrast to the id which contains passions." (The Ego and the Id, 1923)


"The poor ego has a still harder time of it; it has to serve three harsh masters, and it has to do its best to reconcile the claims and demands of all three.. the three tyrants are the external world, the superego and the id." (New Introductory Lectures of Psychoanalysis, 1933)


"The ego is not master in its own house." (A Difficulty in the Path of Psychoanalysis, 1917)


"The voice of the intellect is a soft one, but it does not rest until it has gained a hearing." (The Future of an Illusion, 1927)