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Monday, April 6, 2020

List of influential Renaissance artists


Photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Photo license: CC BY-SA 3.0


This post is a list of Wikipedia quotes about Renaissance artists. There are 51 artists listed below chronologically by date of birth. License: CC BY-SA 3.0


1. Giotto (1267-1337)


"Unlike those by Cimabue and Duccio, Giotto's figures are not stylized or elongated and do not follow Byzantine models. They are solidly three-dimensional, have faces and gestures that are based on close observation, and are clothed, not in swirling formalized drapery, but in garments that hang naturally and have form and weight." (Wikipedia: Giotto, 8.18.21 UTC 08:14)


2. Jacopo della Quercia (1374-1438)


"Quercia was an Italian sculptor of the Renaissance, a contemporary of Brunelleschi, Ghiberti and Donatello. He is considered a precursor of Michelangelo." (Wikipedia: Jacopo della Quercia, 7.21.21 UTC 17:49)


3. Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446)


"[Brunelleschi] is most famous for designing the dome of the Florence Cathedral, a feat of engineering that had not been accomplished since antiquity, as well as the development of the mathematical technique of linear perspective in art... His accomplishments also include other architectural works, sculpture, mathematics, engineering, and ship design." (Wikipedia: Flippo Brunelleschi, 7.25.21 UTC 18:23)


4. Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455)


"Ghiberti was a Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise. Trained as a goldsmith and sculptor, he established an important workshop for sculpture in metal." (Wikipedia: Lorenzo Ghiberti, 7.21.21 UTC 18:10)


5. Donatello (1386-1466)


"[Donatello] worked with stone, bronze, wood, clay, stucco and wax, and had several assistants, with four perhaps being a typical number. Though his best-known works were mostly statues in the round, he developed a new, very shallow type of bas-relief for small works, and a good deal of his output was larger architectural reliefs." (Wikipedia: Donatello, 8.2.21 UTC 16:43)


6. Jan van Eyck (1390-1441)


"Van Eyck painting both secular and religious subject matter including altarpieces, single-panel religious figures and commissioned portraits... He achieved a new level of virtuosity thought his developments in the use of oil paint." (Wikipedia: Jan van Eyck, 8.18.21 UTC 22:15)


7. Fra Angelico (1395-1455)


"[Angelico] earned his reputation primarily for with the series of frescoes he made for his own friary, San Marco, in Florence... In 1439 Angelico completed one of his most famous works, the San Marco Altarpiece at Florence." (Wikipedia: Fra Angelico, 8.14.21 UTC 07:24)


8. Pisanello (1395-1455)


"Pisanello is known for his resplendent frescoes in large murals, elegant portraits, small easel pictures, and many brilliant drawings... Pisanello's drawings are generally prized as jewels of the quattrocento, and provided evidence of the elegant garb of the time, including spectacular hats." (Wikipedia: Pisanello, 2.17.21 UTC 22:52)


9. Michelozzo (1396-1472)


"Known primarily for designing Palazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence, he is often overshadowed by his contemporaries Donatello in sculpture and Brunelleschi in architecture." (Wikipedia: Michelozzo, 7.13.21 UTC 20:43)


10. Paolo Uccello (1397-1475)


"...Vasari wrote that Uccello was obsessed by his interest in perspective and would stay up all night in his study trying to grasp the exact vanishing point. While his contemporaries used perspective to narrate different or succeeding stories, Uccello used perspective to create a feeling of depth in his paintings." (Wikipedia: Paolo Uccello, 7.4.21 UTC 02:52)


11. Masaccio (1401-1428)


"Masaccio was the best painter of his generation because of his skill at imitating nature, recreating lifelike figures and movements as well as a convincing sense of three-dimensionality... He was one of the first to use linear perspective in his painting, employing techniques such as vanishing point in art for the first time." (Wikipedia: Masaccio, 7.21.21 UTC 18:16)


12. Filippo Lippi (1406-1469)


"The frescoes in the choir of the cathedral of Prato, which depict the stories of St. John the Baptist and St. Stephen on the two main facing walls, are considered Fra Filippo's most important and monumental works, particularly the figure of Salome dancing..." (Wikipedia: Filippo Lippi, 5.23.21 UTC 22:37)


13. Benozzo Gozzoli (1421-1497)


"A pupil of Fra Angelico, Gozzoli is best known for a series of murals in the Magi Chapel of the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, depicting festive vibrant processions with fine attention to detail and a pronounced International Gothic influence." (Wikipedia: Benozzo Gozzoli, 7.2.21 UTC 21:46)


14. Gentile Bellini (1429-1507)


"From 1474, [Bellini] was the official portrait artist for the Doges of Venice and as well as his portraits he painted a number of very large subjects with multitude of figures, especially for the Scuole Grandi of Venice, wealthy confraternities that were very important in Venetian patrician social life." (Wikipedia: Gentile Bellini, 8.19.21 UTC 17:22)


15. Antonio del Pollaiuolo (1429-1433)


"Pollaiuolo was an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver, and goldsmith during the Italian Renaissance... Some of Pollaiuolo's paintings exhibits strong brutality, of which the characteristics can be studied in his portrayal of Saint Sebastian... However, in contrast, his female portraits exhibit a calmness and a meticulous attention to detail of fashion..." (Wikipedia: Antonio del Pollaiuolo, 7.17.21 UTC 14:49)


16. Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516)


"[Bellini] was considered to have revolutionized Venetian painting, moving it towards a more sensuous and coloursitic style. Through the use of clear, slow-drying oil paints, Giovanni created deep, rich tints and detailed shadings." (Wikipedia: Giovanni Bellini, 7.31.21 UTC 06:54 )


17. Carlo Crivelli (1430-1495)


"[Crivelli] painted in tempera only, despite the increasing popularity of oil painting during his lifetime, and on panels, though some of his paintings have been transferred to canvas. His predilection for decoratively punched gilded backgrounds is one of the marks of this conservative taste, in part imposed by his patrons. " (Wikipedia: Carlo Crivelli, 8.9.21 UTC 16:37)


18. Cosimo Tura (1430-1495)


"In Ferrara, [Tura] is well represented by frescoes in the Palazzo Schifanoia... [Tura] along with Francesco del Cossa, helped produce an intricately conceived allegorical series about the months of the year and zodiac symbols." (Wikipedia: Cosimo Tura, 4.21.21 UTC 22:19)


19. Donato Bramante (1444-1514)


"[Bramante] introduced Renaissance architecture to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome where his plan for St. Peter's Basilica formed the basis of design executed by Michelangelo. His Tempietto (San Pietro in Montorio) marked the beginning of the High Renaissance in Rome..." (Wikipedia: Donato Bramante, 8.19.21 UTC 14:42)


20. Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)


"In addition to the mythological subjects for which he is best known today, Botticelli painted a wide range of religious subjects (including dozens of renditions of the Madonna and Child, many in the round tondo shape) and also some portraits. His best-known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera, both in the Uffizi in Florence." (Wikipedia: Sandro Botticelli, 7.22.21 UTC 00:36)


21. Guido Mazzoni (1445-1518)


"Mazzoni's best known works are a series of multi-figure depictions of the Lamentation (Compianto) now in the Church of Gesu, Ferrara, and another in the church of Sant'Anna dei Lombardi in Naples." (Wikipedia: Guido Mazzoni, 6.28.21 UTC 19:38)


22. Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516)


"[Bosch]'s work, generally oil on oak wood, mainly contains fantastic illustrations of religious concepts and narratives... Today he is seen as a hugely individualistic painter with deep insight into humanity's desires and deepest fears." (Wikipedia: Hieronymus Bosch, 8.6.21 UTC 01:18)


23. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)


"Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian polymath of the High Renaissance who was active as a painter, draughtsman, engineer, scientist, theorist, sculptor and architect.. [da Vinci] also became known for his notebooks, in which he made drawings and notes on a variety of subjects including anatomy, astronomy, botany, cartography, painting and paleontology." (Wikipedia: Leonardo da Vinci, 8.19.21 UTC 16:43)


24. Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis (1455-1508)


"Ambrogio gained a reputation as a portraitist, including as a painter of miniatures, at the court of Ludovico Sforza... He and his brother Evangelista are known to have collaborated with Leonardo da Vinci on the painting of the Virgin of the Rocks..." (Wikipedia: Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis, 6.22.21 UTC 02:33)


25. Matthias Grunewald (1470-1528)


"Grunewald was a German Renaissance painter of religious works who ignored Renaissance classicism to continue the style of the late medieval Central European art into the 16th century." (Wikipedia: Mattias Grunewald, 5.6.21 UTC 14:22)


26. Marcantonio Raimondi (1470-1534)


"Raimondi was an Italian engraver, known for being the first important printmaker whose body of work consists largely of prints copying paintings. He is therefor a key figure in the rise of the reproductive print." (Wikipedia: Marcantonio Raimondi, 7.29.21 UTC 23:37)


27. Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)


"Durer's vast body of work includes engravings, his preferred technique in his later prints, altarpieces, portraits and self-portraits, watercolors and books. The woodcuts are more Gothic than the rest of his work... His watercolors mark his as one of the first European landscape artists..." (Wikipedia: Albrect Durer, 8.20.21 UTC 01:09)


28. Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472-1553)


"Cranach was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving... Cranach also painted religious subjects, first in the Catholic tradition, and later trying to find new ways of conveying Lutheran religious concerns in art... Cranach had a large workshop and many of his works exist in different versions..." (Wikipedia: Lucas Cranach the Elder, 7.17.21 UTC 14:07)


29. Michelangelo (1475-1564)


"[Michelangelo] sculpted two of his best-known works, the Pieta and David, before the age of thirty... He also created two of the most influential frescoes in the history of Western Art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, and The Last Judgement on its altar wall." (Wikipedia: Michelangelo, 8.4.21 UTC 23:54)


30. Jean Clouet (1480-1541)


"Clouet was undoubtedly a very skillful portrait painter, although no work in existence has been proved to be his... [Jean] is generally believed, however, to have been responsible for a very large number of the wonderful portrait drawings now preserved at Chantilly..." (Wikipedia: Jean Clouet, 3.21.21 UTC 14:40)


31. Raphael (1483-1520)


"[Raphael's] work is admired for its clarity of form, ease of composition and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period... [Raphael's] best known work is The School of Athens in the Vatican Stanza della Segnatura." (Wikipedia: Raphael, 8.13.21 UTC 11:23)


32. Titian (1488-1576)


"...Titian was one of the most versatile of Italian painters, equally adept with portraits, landscape backgrounds, and mythological and religious subjects." (Wikipedia: Titian, 8.15.21 UTC 00:51)


33. Bartolommeo Bandinelli (1488-1560)


"Bandinelli was a leader in the group of Florentine Mannerists who were inspired by the revived interest in Donatello attendant on the installation of Donatello's bas-relief panels for the pulpit in San Lorenzo." (Wikipedia: Bartolommeo Bandinelli, 7.10.21 UTC 03:48)


34. Antonio da Correggio (1489-1534)


"In [Correggio's] use of dynamic composition, illusionistic perspective and dramatic foreshortening, Correggio prefigured the Baroque art of the 17th century and the Rococo art of the 18th century. He is considered a master of chiaroscuro." (Wikipedia: Antonio da Correggio, 7.25.21 UTC 18:28)


35. Francesco Melzi (1491-1570)


"Before Leonardo's death in 1519, Francesco's career consisted largely of being an assistant to, and an executor for, Leonardo. Because of their close relationship, more like father-son rather than master-apprentice, he was content with aiding and caring for Leonardo, a companion/secretary." (Wikipedia: Francesco Melzi, 8.18.21 UTC 02:18)


36. Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571)


"Besides [Cellini's] works in gold and silver, Cellini executed sculptures of a grander scale. One of the main projects of his French period is probably the Golden Gate for the Chateau de Fontainebleau." (Wikipedia: Benvenuto Cellini, 8.5.21 UTC 16:39)


37. Parmigianino (1503-1540)


"[Parmigianino's] work is characterized by a 'refined sensuality' and often elongation of forms and includes Vision of Saint Jerome (1527) and the iconic if somewhat untypical Madonna with the Long Neck (1534), and he remains the best known artist of the first generation whose whole careers fall into the Mannerist period." (Wikipedia: Parmigianino, 8.18.21 UTC 00:09)


38. Vicente Juan Masip (1507-1579)


"Masip was a Spanish painter of the Renaissance period. He is commonly considered the foremost member of the Valencian school of painters." (Wikipedia: Vincent Juan Masip, 7.18.21 UTC 19:34)


39. Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574)


"Giorgio Vasari was an Italian painter, architect, writer and historian, best known for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing..." (Wikipedia: Giorgio Vasari, 8.7.21 UTC 20:38)


40. Lucas Cranach the Younger (1515-1586)


"Following his father's departure, Cranach the Younger assumed full responsibility over teh flourishing family workshop. In this position, he successfully maintained the workshop's high output of quality work, including images of Reformers such as Luther himself..." (Wikipedia: Lucas Cranach the Younger, 6.23.21 UTC 14:39)


41. Francisco Henriques (?-1518)


"Henriques was a Flemish Renaissance painter active in Portugal in the early 16th century... [Henriques created] a large polyptych for the main chapel of the Church of St Francis in Evora, as well as altarpieces for the side chapels of the same church." (Wikipedia: Francisco Henriques, (2.5.21 UTC 13:50)


42. Tintoretto (1518-1594)


"For [Tintoretto's] phenomenal energy in painting he was termed Il Furioso ('The Furious'). His work is characterized by his muscular figures, dramatic gestures and bold use of perspective, in the Mannerist style. (Wikipedia: Tintoretto, 8.6.21 UTC 02:38)


43. Paolo Veronese (1528-1588)


"Veronese was an Italian Renaissance painter based in Venice, known for extremely large history paintings of religion and mythology such as The Wedding at Cana (1563) and The Feast in the House of Levi (1573). (Wikipedia: Paolo Veronese, 7.4.21 UTC 02:56)


44. Catharina van Hemessen (1528-1565)


"[Van Hemessen] is mainly known for a series of small scale female portraits completed between the late 1540s and early 1550s and a few religious compositions... Van Hemessen is often given the distinction of creating the first self-portrait of an artist (of either gender) depicted seated at an easel." (Wikipedia: Catharina van Hemessen, 6.19.21 UTC 11:53)


45. Sofonisba Anguissola (1532-1625)


"[Anguissola's] most distinctive and attractive paintings are her portraits of herself and her family, which she painted before she moved to the Spanish court. In particular, her depictions of children were fresh and closely observed." (Wikipedia: Sofonisba Anguissola, 8.1.21 UTC 01:01)


46. Giacomo della Porta (1532-1602)


"Porta was an Italian architect and sculptor, who worked on many important buildings in Rome, including St. Peter's Basilica." (Wikipedia: Giacomo della Porta, 2.1.21 UTC 21:50)


47. Federico Barocci (1535-1612)


"Barocci's swirling composition and the focus on he emotional and spiritual are elements that foreshadow the Baroque of Rubens." (< href="">Wikipedia: Federico Barocci, 6.29.21 UTC 00:04)


48. Federico Zuccari (1540-1609)


"Zuccaro was an Italian Mannerist painter and architect... Between 1563 and 1565, he was active in Venice with the Grimani family of Santa Maria Formosa. (Wikipedia: Federico Zuccari, 6.30.21 UTC 21:09)


49. Caravaggio (1571-1610)


"Caravaggio employed close physical observation with a dramatic use of chiaroscuro that came to be known as tenebrism. He made the technique a dominant stylistic element, darkening shadows and transfixing subjects in bright shafts of light and darkening shadows." (Wikipedia: Caravaggio, 7.25.21 UTC 01:35)


50. Fede Galizia (1578-1630)


"The style of [Galizia's] painting derived from the naturalistic traditions of the Renaissance in Italy with a sharply realistic approach." (Wikipedia: Fede Galizia, 7.31.21 UTC 21:57)


51. Claude Lorrain (1600-1682)


"[Lorrain] was not generally an innovator in landscape painting, except in introducing the Sun into many paintings, which had been rare before... He was a prolific creator of drawings in pen and very often monochrome watercolor 'wash', usually brown but sometimes gray." (Wikipedia: Claude Lorrain, 6.19.21 UTC 10:47)