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Sunday, September 13, 2020

List of influential gas laws

This post is a list of influential gas laws. There are 10 laws listed below alphabetically. License: CC BY-SA 3.0


1. Amagat's law

"...the volume of a mixture of gases (or the volume of the container) is the sum of the partial volumes of the individual components." (Wikipedia: Gas laws, 6.7.21 UTC 05:44)


2. Avogadro's law

"...equal volumes of all gases, at the same temperature and pressure, have the same number of molecules." (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016)


3. Boyle's law

"The volume of a given mass of a gas is inversely related to pressure when the temperature is constant." (Wikipedia: Gas laws, 6.7.21 UTC 05:44)


4. Charles's law

"...the volume of a given mass of a gas, at constant pressure, is directly proportional to its temperature." (Wikipedia: Gas laws, 6.7.21 UTC 05:44)


5. Dalton's law

" a mixture of non-reacting gases, the total pressure exerted is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases." (Wikipedia: Dalton's law, 7.10.21 UTC 18:03)


6. Gay-Lussac's law

"...the pressure of a given mass of gas varies directly with the absolute temperature of the gas, when the volume is kept constant." (Wikipedia: Gay-Lussac's law, 8.1.21 UTC 04:13)


7. Graham's law

"...the rate of diffusion or of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight." (Wikipedia: Graham's law, 4.21.21 UTC 21:55)


8. Henry's law

"...the amount of dissolved gas in a liquid is proportional to its partial pressure above the liquid." (Wikipedia: Henry's law, 8.11.21 UC 20:17)


9. Ideal gas law

"...equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas... often written in an empirical form: PV = nRT where P, V and T are the pressure, volume and temperature; n is the amount of substance; and R is the gas constant." (Wikipedia: Ideal gas law, 7.11.21 UTC 09:33)


10. Real gas law (Van der Waals equation)

"To account for the volume that a real gas molecule takes up, the van der Waals equation replaces V in the ideal gas law with (Vm-b), where Vm is the molar volume of the gas and b is the volume that is occupied by one more of the molecules." (Wikipedia: Van der Waals equation, 5.14.21 UTC 14:08)